Wednesday, 30 January 2008


sketch by Stephen Fry and Hugh Laurie, “A Bit of Fry and Laurie” 16 March 1990 (UK)

sketch by Stephen Fry and Hugh Laurie, Hysteria 3, London Palladium, 30 June 1991 (UK)

The Kids in the Hall “Gay” sketch– 1991 (US)

comic strip from “Viz” October/November 1992 (UK)

J.B. Handelsman cartoon in "The New Yorker", 30 November 1992 (US)

Robert Mankoff cartoon in “The New Yorker” 15 February 1993 (US)

editorial cartoons by Kirk Anderson, Pat Oliphant, Joel Pett, Andy Singer, Dales Stephanos, Tom Toles, , and others, July 1993 (US)

cartoon from “A Mad Look at the Real Clinton Coalition” in “Mad” July 1993 (US)

“Mad” September 1993 (US)

Charles Griffin in the “Daily Express”, 17 May 1996 (UK)

Jak (Raymond Jackson) in the “Evening Standard”, 22 April 1997 (UK)

“Modern Dad” sketch from “Harry Enfield and His Christmas Chums”, 24 December 1997 (UK)

Charles Griffin cartoon in “The Express” 6 April 1998 (UK)

Bill McArthur cartoon in “The Glasgow Herald” 9 November 1998 (UK)

Tom Johnston cartoon in “The Sun” 10 November 1998

“Matt” cartoon in “The Telegraph” 1998 (UK)

Dave Gaskill cartoon in “The Sun” 24 April 2000 (UK)


graffiti-inspired art by Liz Atkins, 1980 (UK)

Stephen Stucker in “Airplane!”, 1980 (US)

Michael Heath cartoon in “Spectator”, 18 January 1980 (UK)

“Gay Life” parody from “Private Eye” 18 January 1980 (UK)

“How to Tell a Homo” by P.J. O’Rourke and John Hughes, from “National Lampoon” February 1980 (US)

“The Associates” sitcom, “The Censors” episode, 10 April 1980 (US)

"And to Think That I Saw It on Christopher Street" by Rick Meyerowitz and Gerald Sussman, in 'National Lampoon', May 1980 (US)

“Child of Divorce” comic by Shary Flenniken, in 'National Lampoon', May 1980 (US)

Gahan Wilson cartoon in “Playboy” June 1980 (US)

Sam Harris cartoon in “Playboy” October 1980 (US)

Stan McMurtry cartoons from “Punch”, 10 December 1980 (UK)

“Beds Under the Reds” parody article from “Best-seller! : The Life and Death of Eric Pode of Croydon” by Andrew Marshall and David Renwick (1981) (UK)

“Men Who Hug” sketch from “Fridays” 8 May 1981 (US)

Michael Heath cartoon in "Private Eye", 3 July 1981 (UK)

Michael Heath cartoon in “The Spectator” 4 July 1981 (UK)

Raymond Jackson (JAK) in the “Standard” 20 August 1981 (UK)

cover for "Private Eye" 28 August 1981 (UK)

parody article in “Private Eye” 28 August 1981 (UK)

parody article in "Private Eye" 25 September 1981 (UK)

“W.K.R.P. in Cincinnati” sitcom, "Three Days Of The Condo" episode, 18 November 1981 (US)

Stan McMurtry (“MAC”) cartoon in “The Daily Mail”, 24 November 1981 (UK)

Jeremy Banks (Banx) cartoon in “Punch” 2 December 1981 (UK)

Stan McMurtry cartoons in “Punch”, 10 December 1980 (UK)

Stan MacMurtry in “Punch” 16 December 1981 (UK)

from “Old Coren’s Almanac”, written by Alan Coren, illustrated by Kenneth Mahood in “Punch” 16 December 1981 (UK)

Spoof editorial from “Private Eye”, 18 December 1981 (UK)

gay footballer sketch from “The Goodies”, 16 January 1982 (UK)

parody article in “Private Eye”, 29 January 1982 (UK)

“The Gays” cartoon strip by Michael Heath in “Private Eye” 29 January 1982 (UK)

Michael Heath cartoon in “Punch” 17 March 1982 (UK)

Ken Pyne cartoon in “Punch” 14 April 1982 (UK)

“Tales from the Tombs: Behind Gay Bars” comic strip written by Michael Reiss and Al Jean, drawn by Howard Nostrand, from “National Lampoon” May 1982 (US)

David Austin cartoon in "Private Eye" 18 June 1982 (UK)

David Austin cartoon in "The Spectator" 19 June 1982 (UK)

Michael Heath cartoon in “The Spectator” 7 July 1982 (UK)

Spencer cartoon in “Punch” 7 July 1982 (UK)

Kipper Williams cartoon in “Private Eye” 22 September 1982 (UK)

parody article in “Private Eye” 24 September 1982 (UK)

Michael Heath cartoon in “The Spectator” 25 September 1982 (UK)

“Larry” cartoons in “Punch” 6 October 1982 (UK)

David Austin cartoon in "The Spectator" 30 October 1982 (UK)

Raymond Jackson ("JAK") cartoon in "Evening Standard" 25 November 1982 (UK)

“Cheers” sitcom, “Boys in the Bar” episode, 27 January 1983 (US)

Raymond Jackson ("JAK") cartoon in "Evening Standard" 29 January 1983 (UK)

Michael Heath cartoon in “Punch” 9 February 1983 (UK)

Keith Waite cartoon in “Daily Mirror”, 16 February 1983 (UK)

Nicholas Garland cartoon in “The Spectator”, 19 February 1983 (UK)

Michael Cummings cartoon in “The Sunday Express”, 20 February 1983 (UK)

MAC cartoon in “Daily Mail” 21 February 1983 (UK)

Marc Boxer cartoon in “Private Eye” 25 February 1983 (UK)

“Lord Gnome” editorial about Peter Tatchell from “Private Eye” 25 February 1983 (UK)

Peter Tatchell cover to “Private Eye” 25 February 1983 (UK)

parody article in "Private Eye" 11 March 1983 (UK)

Noel Ford cartoon in “Punch” 23 March 1983 (UK)

parody article in "Private Eye" 8 April 1983 (UK)

Michael Heath cartoon in “The Spectator” 8 April 1983 (UK)

Eddie Murphy stand-up, 1983 (US)

"Not! The General Election", 1983 (UK)

“The Last Donahue Show” parody by Walker Percy from “Lost in the Cosmos: The Last Self-Help Book”, 1983 (US)

“The Gays” cartoon strip by Michael Heath in “Private Eye” 9 September 1983 (UK)

Rock Hudson gay rumours cartoon by Josh Alan Friedman and Drew Friedman in “Weirdo” #9, Winter 1983-1984 (US)

spoof column from "Private Eye", 16 December 1983 (UK)

David Austin cartoon in “The Spectator”, 18 February 1984 (UK)

parody article in “Punch” 20 March 1984 (UK)

“The Gays” cartoon strip by Michael Heath in "Private Eye" 23 March 1984 (UK)

“The Gays” cartoon strip by Michael Heath in "Private Eye" 5 April 1985 (UK)

Marc Boxer cartoon in "The Guardian" 15 May 1984 (UK)

Raymond Jackson (JAK) in “The Evening Standard” 15 May 1984 (UK)

Stan McMurty (Mac) cartoon in "The Daily Mail, 16 May 1984 (UK)

cover for “Private Eye” 18 May 1984 (UK)

“The Gays” cartoon strip by Michael Heath in “Private Eye” 18 May 1984 (UK)

Edward McLachlan cartoon in "Punch" 23 May 1984 (UK)

parody gay tour guides “Punch” 23 May 1984 (UK)

“The Gays” cartoon strip by Michael Heath in “Private Eye” 1 June 1984 (UK)

Stanley Franklin cartoon in "The Sun” 4 July 1984 (UK)

Raymond Jackson ("JAK") cartoon in "The Evening Standard" 10 July 1984 (UK)

"Bloom County" comic strip by Berke Breathed, 11 July 1984 (US)

“The Gays” cartoon strip by Michael Heath in “Private Eye” 27 July 1984 (UK)

“The Gays” cartoon strip by Michael Heath in "Private Eye" 10 August 1984 (UK)

Ken Pyne cartoon in “Private Eye” 24 August 1984 (UK)

John Jensen footballer cartoon in “Punch” 26 September 1984 (UK)

Stanley Franklin cartoon in "The Sun" 28 September 1984 (UK)

Michael Heath cartoon in the “Spectator” 27 October 1984 (UK)

“The Gays” cartoon strip by Michael Heath in “Private Eye” 2 November 1984 (UK)

“The Gays” cartoon strip by Michael Heath in “Private Eye” 16 November 1984 (UK)

David Austin cartoon in “The Spectator”, 8 December 1984 (UK)

“The Gays” cartoon strip by Michael Heath in “Private Eye”, 14 December 1984 (UK)

“The Gays” cartoon strip by Michael Heath in “Private Eye”, 14 December 1984 (UK)

“New Recitations for Your Party” parody verse by E.S. Turner in “Punch” 19 Dec 1984 (UK)

“The Gays” cartoon strip by Michael Heath in "Private Eye" 28 December 1984 (UK)

Tony Husband cartoon in “Private Eye” 8 February 1985 (UK)

comic article by Auberon Waugh in "Private Eye" 19 Apr 1985 (UK)

David Austin cartoon in “The Spectator”, 23 March 1985 (UK)

“The Hot Slot” comic strip by Alan Moore and Larry Stroman in “American Flagg” #21, June 1985

David Austin cartoon in “The Spectator” 24 August 1985 (UK)

“Once Bitten” film, 1985, written by David Hines, Jeffrey Hause, and Jonathan Roberts, directed by Howard Storm, (US)

Hugh Burnett cartoon in "Private Eye", 4 October 1985 (UK)

Marc Boxer cartoon in “Private Eye” 22 October 1985 (UK)

Raymond Jackson ("JAK") cartoon in the “Evening Standard” 6 December 1985 (UK)

gay bodybuilding parody from the "The Appallingly Disprespectful Spitting Image Book", 1985 (UK)

Rock Hudson gay rumours cartoon by Josh Alan Friedman and Drew Friedman in Weirdo #12, Winter 1985 (US)

Stanley Franklin cartoon in "The Sun" 25 February 1986 (UK)

Raymond Jackson ("JAK") in the “Evening Standard” 2 April 1986 (UK)

Tony Husband cartoon in “Private Eye” 24 April 1986 (UK)

“In Sickness and In Health” sitcom written by Johnny Speight, 1986 (UK)

Bernard Cookson footballer cartoon in “The Sun” 25 October 1986 (UK)

Tom Johnston cartoon in “The Sun”, 7 March 1987 (UK)

“My Best Friend is a Vampire” film 1987, written by Tab Murphy, directed by Jimmy Huston (US)

Stanley Franklin cartoon in "The Sun" 24 November 1987 (UK)

Michael Heath cartoon “Private Eye”, 6 March 1987 (UK)

Mac cartoon in “Daily Mail”, 21 April 1987 (UK)

Homosexuality and the Anglican Church, 1987, editorial cartoons (UK)

“A Bit of Fry and Laurie” “Gay”sketch, 26 December, 1987 (UK)

parody greeting card in “Janet Lives With Mel and Griff”, 1988 (UK)

Mel Smith and Griff Rhys Jones kiss from “Smith and Jones” (circa 1989-1990?) (UK)


“The Kremlin Letter” written and directed by John Huston, with George Sanders, 1970 (US)

“A Day at the Beach” written by Roman Polanski, featuring Peter Sellers, 1970

Annie Fanny cartoon in “Playboy”, January 1970 (US)

cover of “Private Eye” 13 February 1970 (UK)

"Steptoe and Son" sitcom, 20 March 1970, "Any Old Iron?" script by Galton and Simpson (UK)

“Up Pompeii” sitcom, 20 April 1970 “Britaniccus" Script by Talbot Rothwell (UK)

comic strip by John Kent in "Private Eye" 27 May 70 (UK)

William Hewison cartoon in “Punch” 3 June 1970 (UK)

illustration by John Kent in “Private Eye” 11 September 1970 (UK)

Gay commercial sketch from “The Goodies”, 8 November 1970

Comic strip by John Kent in “Private Eye” 20 November 1970 (UK)

Camp TV and film characters: Monty Python, Carry On, Dick Emery – early 70s (UK)

Edward Sorel cartoon in “National Lampoon” January 1971 (US)

“H.P. Sauce” by Auberon Waugh, with illustration by John Kent in “Private Eye” 1 January 1971 (UK)

article in “Punch” 27 January 1971 (UK)

"Chapter VIII: Two Hearts Beat As One" parody romance fiction by Alan Coren in "Punch" 27 Jan 1971 (UK)

“All in the Family” sitcom, 9 February 1971, “Judging Books by Covers” by Burt Styler and Norman Lear (US)

“Pied Piper of Burbank” parody by Sean Kelly and Michel Choquette in “National Lampoon” March 1971 (US)

cartoon by ffolkes in "Punch" 14 April 1971 (UK)

Guerrier cartoon in “Evergreen Review” May 1971 (US)

comic strip by John Kent, in “Private Eye” 21 May 1971 (UK)

gay summer camp parody in “Mad Magazine” June 1971

“Are You a Homo?” by John Weidman in “National Lampoon”, July 1971 (US)

“HP Sauce” by Auberon Waugh, with illustration by Willie Rushton, in “Private Eye”, 2 July 71 (UK)

photo in “Ink” 24 July 1971 (UK)

Parody Richard Nixon letter in "National Lampoon" August 1971

“Greeting Cards for the Sexual Revolution” in “Mad”, September 1971 (US)

cartoon by Gerald Scarfe in “Private Eye” 8 October 1971 (UK)

"Dragula" comic parody in "National Lampoon" November 1971 (US)

Illustration by John Kent in “Private Eye” 5 November 1971 (UK)

cartoon by “Larry” in “Private Eye” 5 November 1971 (UK)

“The Goodies” TV sketch , 12 November 1971 (UK)

“Doctor Colon’s Monster” comic strip by Charles Rodrigues in “National Lampoon” January – July 1972

Edward McLachlan cartoon in “Private Eye” 25 February 1972

“The Gay Blade” by Jack T. Chick, 1972 (US)

gay tobacco commercial sketch from “The Goodies” April 9, 1972

“Sanford and Son” sitcom, 14 April 1972 “The Piano Movers” written by Aaron Ruben (US)

“Are Queers Keeping You Up All Night” by Anne Beatts and Ed Bluestone in ‘National Lampoon’, May 1972 (US)

Illustration by Michael Heath in “Private Eye” 5 May 1972 (UK)

“Blacula” film, 1972, , written by Raymond Koenig and Joan Torres, directed by William Crain

“Photopoetry” in “Mad” June 1972 (US)

Michael Heath cartoon in “Private Eye” 30 June 1972 (UK)

Rock Hudson gay rumours cartoon in “Mad” October 1972

“Your Ad Here” by Michael O’Donoghue in “National Lampoon”, October 1972 (US)

“Rim Shot” National Lampoon, October 1972 (US)

Gahan Wilson cartoon in "National Lampoon" October 1972 (US)

Tchaikovsky sketch from "Monty Python's Flying Circus", 26 October 1972

Gahan Wilson cartoon in "National Lampoon" November 1972 (US)

gay footballer sketch from “Monty Python’s Flying Circus”, 23 November 1972

“Mr Humphries” on “Are Being Served?” sitcom written by Jeremy Lloyd, and David Croft, 1972 – 1985 (UK)

“Theatre of Blood” written by Anthony Greville-Bell, directed by Douglas Hickox, with Vincent Price, 1973 (UK)

“Soap Opera” sketch written and performed by Peter Cook and Dudley Moore, 1973 (UK)

gay basketball cartoon in “Mad Magazine” January 1973

“The Mary Tyler Moore Show” sitcom, January 13, 1973, “My Brother’s Keeper” written by Jenna McMahon and Dick Clair (US)

Michael Heath cartoon, in "Punch" 4 April 1973(UK)

Michael Heath, from “The Gay 1970s” in “Punch”, 4 April 1973 (UK)

Stan MacMurtry gay boxer cartoon in “Punch” 2 May 1973

cartoon by by J.B. Handelsman in “Punch” 23 May 1973 (UK)

"Jesus Christ Superstar" – Herod’s Song (1973)

“The Ballad Of Ben Gay” song performed by Ben Gay & The Silly Savages, 1973 (US)

J.B. Handelsman cartoon in "Punch" 20 June 1973 (UK)

The Goodies, “Superstar”, 7 July 1973, Written by Bill Oddie and Graeme Garden, with Tim Brooke-Taylor (UK)

Ed MacLachlan cartoon in “Private Eye” 13 July 1973

Phil Interlandi cartoon in “Playboy” August 1973 (US)

David Austin cartoon strip in “Private Eye” 10 August 1973 (UK)

“Guerre” magazine parody by George Trow, Brian McConnachie and Henry Beard in “National Lampoon”, September 1973 (US)

“Standards Rewritten for the Liberated Woman”, by Frank Jacobs in “Mad”, October 1973 (US)

New York Dolls parody by Chris Miller in “Playboy” December 1973 (US)

“Christmas Cards”, by Judith Wax, illustration by Buck Browne, “Playboy” December 1973 (US)

Buck Brown cartoon in “Playboy” December 1973 (US)

Edward Sorel cover to “Screw”, 10 December 1973

“Dixie Nixon” comic written by Sean Kelly and Tony Hendra, art by Larry Hama and Ralph Reese in “National Lampoon” February 1974 (US)

"Greek Culture Insert" from “National Lampoon”, February 1974 (US)

“Fold-In” by Al Jaffee in “Mad” April, 1974

Carl Giles cartoon in “The Daily Express” 18 April 1974 (UK)

“Blazing Saddles”, written by Mel Brooks and Richard Pryor, 1974 (US)

Phantom of the Paradise (1974) Written and directed by Brian De Palma (US)

“Alice Bowie” song, from “Cheech and Chong’s Wedding Album” (1974) (US)

Forrest Swisher in “The National Lampoon 1964 High School Yearbook” (1974) by Doug Kenney and P.J. O’Rourke (US)

“Gay Lib” by George Carlin from “Toledo Window Box” ( recorded 20 July 1974)

political newspaper cutting in “Private Eye”, 20 July 1974

Bruce Cochrane cartoon in “National Lampoon” November 1974 (US)

Michael Heath “Gay Christmas” cartoons in "Punch" 4 December 1974(UK)

“The Catholic Sex Index” by Tony Hendra, in “National Lampoon”, December 1974 (US)

Roy Raymonde cartoon in “Playboy”, January 1975 (US)

cartoons from “Illustrated History of Sex” by Arnold Roth, in “Playboy” January 1975 (US)

“Auberon Waugh’s Diary” by Auberon Waugh, illustration by Nicholas Bentley in “Private Eye” 10 January 1975

Nick Baker cartoon in “Private Eye” 24 January 1975 (UK)

“Barney Miller” sitcom, 30 January 1975 “Experience” written by Steve Gordon (US)

Michael Heath cartoon in “Private Eye” 7 March 1975 (UK)

Arnold Roth gay baseball cartoon in Punch” 19 March 1975

“Barney Miller” sitcom, 27 March 1975 “The Guest” written by William Taub (US)

“Hello Sailor” novel by Eric Idle, 1975 (UK)

Mahood cartoon in “Punch” 21 May 1975 (UK)

Edward Sorel cartoon in "The Village Voice", 28 July 1975 (US)

“The Spy Who Minced in from the Cold” parody by Stanley Reynolds in “Punch” 30 July 1975 (UK)

Love and Death film (1975) written and performed by Woody Allen (US)

camp giant sketch in “Monty Python and the Holy Grail” film 1975 (UK)

Carl French sketch from “The Album of the Soundtrack of the Trailer of the Film of Monty Python and the Holy Grail”, 1975

Trog “Gay Lib” cartoon in “Observer”, 21 September, 1975 (UK)

Jamitol advert on Saturday Night Live, October 11, 1975 (US)

“Barney Miller” sitcom, 30 October 1975 “The Discovery” written by Chris Hayward (US)

gay telephone commercial sketch from “Saturday Night Live”, 8 November 1975 (US)

“Annie Fanny” cartoon by Harvey Kurtzman and Will Elder in “Playboy”, January 1976 (US)

cartoon by Arthur Horner in “Punch”, 7 January 1976 (UK)

Stan MacMurtry (“Mac”) gay footballer cartoon in the “Daily Mail”, 15 January 1976

“Giles” gay footballer cartoon in the “Daily Express”, 15 January 1976

Keith Waite gay footballer cartoon in “The Daily Mirror”,15 January 1976

Michael Cummings cartoon in the “Daily Express”, 14 February 1976 (UK)

Osbert Lancaster cartoon in the “Daily Express” 30 January 1976

“Private Eye” cover, 6 February 1976

Wally Fawkes “Trog” cartoon in the “Observer” 8 February 1976

Marc Boxer cartoon, unpublished, February 1976

William Rushton “Chatto” cartoon in “Private Eye”, 20 February 1976

editorial parody from “Private Eye”, 20 February 1976

Marc Boxer cartoon in “Private Eye” 20 February 1976

“Rock Follies” drama, written by Howard Schuman, 24 February 1976 (UK)

“A Sneak Preview of Richard Nixon’s Memoirs” by Paul Krassner in “Chic” 1976

“Private Eye” cover, 19 March 1976

Thorpe letters parody by Eric Idle from “The Rutland Dirty Weekend Book”, 1976

Raymond Jackson “JAK” cartoons in “Evening Standard”, 11 May 1976 and “Evening Standard”, 14 May 1976

John Dempsey cartoon in “Playboy” June 1976 (US)

B. Kliban cartoon in “Playboy”, July 1976 (US)

parodies from “Obligatory Sex Scenes” in “National Lampoon”, August 1976 (US)

parody article in "Private Eye" 20 August 1976 (UK)

“The Midnight Cowperson: A Cactus in My Y-Fronts” song by Bill Oddie on “The Goodies – Almost Live”, 2 November 1976 (UK)

Bernard Cookson cartoon in “Punch”, 10 November 1976 (UK)

parody of “Gay News” from "Punch”, 15 December 1976 (UK)

cartoons by Ralph Steadman in “Gay News”, 8 April – 20 May 1977 (UK)

“Rising Damp” sitcom, “Stage Struck” episode written by Eric Chappell, 19th April 1977 (UK)

“Great Bores of Today” cartoon and monologue by Richard Ingrams, Barry Fantoni and Michael Heath from “Private Eye” 29 April 1977

Howard Shoemaker cartoon in “Playboy” May 1977

Editorial by Tony Hendra and Sean Kelly in “National Lampoon” May 1977 (US)

gay baths cartoon by Christopher Browne in “National Lampoon” May 1977

gay summer camp parody from “National Lampoon” May 1977

gay Timex commercial parody in “National Lampoon” May 1977

gay retirement home commercial parody from "National Lampoon" May 1977

Anita Bryant parody from "National Lampoon" May 1977

Charles Rodrigues cartons in “National Lampoon”, May 1977 (US)

“Are You Cruising with Me, Lord” poem by Brian Shein, in “National Lampoon”, May 1977 (US)

Richard Guindon gay sports cartoon in “Minneapolis Tribune”, 1977

“The Choir Boys” film 1977, screenplay by Christopher Knopf, adapted from the novel by Joseph Wambaugh, directed by Robert Aldrich (US)

Marc Boxer in “The Times”, June 1977 (UK)

parody article in “Private Eye” 24 June 1977 (UK)

humorous article by Peter Cook in “The Daily Mail”, 27 June 1977 (UK)

parody article in “Private Eye”, 8 July 1977 (UK)

Barry Fantoni cartoon in “Private Eye” 8 July 1977 (UK)

Jared cartoon in “Playboy”, September 1977 (US)

Beatles comic by John Hughes , “National Lampoon” October 1977 (US)

"Auberon Waugh's Diary" in “Private Eye” 28 October 1977 (UK)

Osbert Lancaster cartoon in “The Daily Express”, 20 October 1977

“Lloyd George Knew My Father” parody article by Alan Coren in “Punch”, 26 October 1977

Michael Heath cartoon in “Private Eye” 28 October 1977 (UK)

"Auberon Waugh's Diary" in "Private Eye", 28 October 1977

“Auberon Waugh’s Diary” in “Private Eye” 28 October 1977 (UK)

“Times” editorial parody from “Private Eye” 11 November 1977

gay bodybuilding cartoon “Little Annie Fanny” cartoon by Harvey Kurtzman and Will Elder in “Playboy” December 1977

J.B. Handelsman cartoon in “Playboy” January 1978

gay American football poster from “National Lampoon’s Sunday Newspaper Parody”, 1978

William Hewison cartoon and article from “Punch” 8 March 1978

“Homo Fashions” parody by John Hughes in "National Lampoon" September 1978

Fran Lebowitz: "The Primary Cause of Heterosexuality Among Males in Urban Areas: Yet Another Crackpot Theory" essay, 1978 (US)

David Austin cartoon in “Private Eye”, 15 September 1978

gay baseball card parody from “Mad” October 1978

Anita Bryant sketch from National Lampoon’s “Disco Beaver From Outer Space”, 1978

“Dragula” sketch from "Disco Beaver From Outer Space", 1978

“Private Eye” cover, 24 November 1978
Michael Heath cartoon in “Punch” 29 November 1978

gay Clorox commercial parody from “Mad Magazine” December 1978

Michael Heath cartoon in “Punch”, 13 December 1978

cartoon by Honeysett in "Punch" 13 December 1978 (UK)

gay Incredible Hulk parody from “Mad Magazine” January 1979

Village People sketch from “Saturday Night Live” 14 April 1979

Auberon Waugh’s "Dog Lover’s Party" campaign materials in “The Spectator”, 28 April 1979

Frank Zappa “Bobby Brown Goes Down” song, 1979 (US)

song and video from the musical “Hair”, 1979 (US)

Phil Interlandi cartoon in “Playboy”, May 1979 (US)

gay summer camp parody from “National Lampoon” June 1979

“Entirely A Matter For You” sketch by Peter Cook from “The Secret Policeman’s Ball”, 29 and 30 June 1979

“Private Eye” cover, 6 July 1979

“Auberon Waugh’s Diary” in “Private Eye” 6 July 1979 and 20 July 1979

“Notebook” by Alexander Chancellor in “Spectator”, 7 July 1979

Arnold Roth cartoons in “Punch” 26 September 1979

news parody in “National Lampoon” October 1979

“Are You a Gay Christian” sketch on “Not The Nine O’Clock News” 23 October 1979 – Rowan Atkinson (UK)

Barry Fantoni cartoon in “Private Eye” 9 November 1979 (UK)

Mac cartoon in “Daily Mail”, 19 November 1979 (UK)

Bill Caldwell cartoon in “Daily Star”, 20 November 1979 (UK)

JAK cartoon in “Evening Standard”, 20 November 1979 (UK)

“Private Eye” cartoon, 23 November 1979 (UK)

Michael Heath cartoon in “Private Eye”, 23 November 1979 (UK)

Michael Heath cartoon in “Spectator”, 24 November 1979 (UK)

Mahood cartoons in “Punch”, 28 November 1979 (UK)

parody article in “Punch”, 19 December 1979 (UK)

spy sketch on “Not the Nine O’Clock News” (UK)

“Are Being Served?” parody written by Andrew Marshall and David Renwick (UK)


“The League of Gentlemen” film (1960)(UK)

Phil Interlandi cartoon in “Playboy” (1960- 63?)(US)

“Bollard” sketch by Peter Cook, in “Beyond the Fringe”, 1961 (UK)

Parody interview of John Gielguid, by John Wells, in "Private Eye", 25 Oct 1961 (UK)

Terry Gilliam cartoon in “Fang” magazine 1962 (US)

“Thank You, Mask Man” stand-up by Lenny Bruce (1962?)

Jonathan Winters stand-up 1962-1965 (US)

“The Hounding of the Pooves” by Jonathan Miller in “Private Eye” 7 September 1962 (UK)

“The Moon-Shot Scandal” by Terry Southern in “The Realist” November 1962 (US)

parody news article from “Private Eye” 2 November 1962 (UK)

Lenny Bruce on “Faggots” 1962/63 (US)

"Confession" sketch by John Braine, in "That Was The Week That Was", 1963 (UK)

"But My Dear" sketch by Peter Shaffer in "That Was The Week That Was", 1963 (UK)

Willie Rushton cartoon in "Private Eye", 22 March 1963 (UK)

"Bond Strikes Camp" parody by Cyril Connolly in "London Magazine", April 1963 (UK)

Joseph Lee cartoon in “Evening News”, 26 April 1963 (UK)

Emmwood cartoon in “Daily Mail”, 27 April 1963 (UK)

Jak cartoon in "Evening Standard", 27 April 1963 (UK)

Vassall Report parody in "Private Eye", 3 May 1963 (UK)

“How to Spot a Homo” in ‘Private Eye, 17 May 1963 (UK)

Timothy Birdsall cartoon 1963 (UK)

Terry Southern “Interviews a Male Faggot Nurse”, in “The Realist” September 1963 (US)

"Gay Ordeal" By Paul Krassner? in "The Realist" (US)

sketches by “Second City” and “The Committee”, 1963 (US)

“Quean Magazine” from "Private Eye" 27 December 1963 (UK)

parody news article from “Private Eye” 10 January 1964 (UK)

Terrence Parkes ("Larry") cartoon in “Private Eye” 1 May 1964 (UK)

parody spy article in “Private Eye” 29 May 1964 (UK)

“A Hard Day’s Night”, written by Alan Owen, 1964 (UK)

Willie Rushton cartoons in “Private Eye”, 1964 (UK)

Boothby and Krays parody from "Private Eye" 21 August 1964 (UK)

parody of documentaries about homosexuals in 'Private Eye', 22 January 1965 (UK)

Jim Jones cartoon in “Help” July 1965
“Shel Silverstein on Fire Island” cartoons by Shel Silverstein in “Playboy”, August 1965 (US)

fashion parody with illustration by Willie Rushton in "Private Eye", 20 August 1965 (UK)

photo in “Private Eye” 29 October 1965 (UK)

“Julian and Sandy” sketches on BBC, 1965-1968 (UK)

Terrence Parkes (“Larry”) cartoon in “Private Eye” 4 March 1966 (UK)

Richard Guindon cartoon in “The Realist” April 1966

"Pitman and Wonderboy Robin Vass" comic in “Private Eye” 15 April 1966 (UK)

Willie Rushton cartoon in “Private Eye" 24 June 1966 (UK)

Jules Feiffer comic in “Village Voice”, 25 August 1966 (US)

Mort Gerberg cartoons in "The Realist", September 1966 (US)

“Esquire” magazine cover, September 1966.

"Boy Wonder I Love You" song by Frank Zappa, November 1966

Alan Bennett sketch in “On the Margin”, BBC 9 November 1966 (UK)

“Adventures of Phoebe Zeitgeist” comic by Michael O’Donoghue and Frank Springer in “Evergreen Review”, December 1966 (US)

Wally Fawkes “Trog” cartoon, in ‘Private Eye’ 23 December 1966 (UK)

“These are The Hits, You Silly Savage!” songs by Teddy and Darrel (Dec 1966/Jan 1967?)

“Ruby the Dyke and Her Six Perverted Sisters Stomp the Fags” (1967) cartoon by S. Clay Wilson in “Radical America Komiks, 1969

Skip Williamson cartoon in "The Realist", May 1967 (US)

“Shel Silverstein in London” cartoon in “Playboy” June 1967

William Hewison cartoon in “Punch” 19 July 1967 (UK)

“The Fearless Vampire Killers” film, 1967, written by Roman Polanski and Gerard Brach, directed by Roman Polanski

Art Spiegelman cartoon in “The Realist”, 1967 (US)

Richard Guindon cartoon in “The Realist”, August 1967 (US)

Tim-Brooke-Taylor and Marty Feldman sketch in “At Last the 1948 Show”, 1967

“Kay, Why?” song by The Brothers Butch, 1967

Brian Davis (“ffolkes”) cartoon in “Punch” 22 November 1967 (UK)

gag on “The Monkees”, 25 December 1967

Hugh Burnett cartoon in “Private Eye”, 9 March 1968 (UK)

Chic Jacob cartoon in “Punch” 17 March 1968 (UK)

Stan McMurtry cartoon in “Punch”, 20 March 1968 (UK)

“Funny He Never Married” sketch by Barry Took and Marty Feldman, Spring 1968 (UK)

“Trouser Press” song by Roger Ruskin Spear/Bonzo Dog Band 1968 (UK)

S. Clay Wilson cartoon in “Yellow Dog” #4, 1968

“Captain Pissgums and His Pervert Pirates” comic by S. Clay Wilson in “Zap” #3, 1968

“Greetings” film (1968) by Brian De Palma

Dave Berg comic in “Mad” October 1968 (US)

“How to Irritate People” sketch written by John Cleese and Graham Chapman, with Marty Feldman and Tim Brooke-Taylor, 1968 (UK)

“The Producers”, written and directed by Mel Brooks, 1968 (US)

“Brian Graham” sketch by Barry Humphries in “Just a Show” 1968/1969

Alan Sues on "Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In" 1968 – 1972 (US)

advert parody in "Mad Magazine", January 1969 (US)

Terrence Parkes (“Larry”) cartoon in “Private Eye” 17 Jan 1969 (UK)

Jonathan Winters sketch in “The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour” 1969

Spencer cartoon in “Punch”, 7 May 1969 (UK)

Dave Berg cartoon in “Mad”, June 1969 (US)

cartoon in “Mad” July 1969 (US)

S. Clay Wilson cartoon in “Yellow Dog” #8, 1969

"Paul & Marlon in Bottoms Up" comic by Jim Osborne in "Snatch Comics" #3, 1969

“The Gay Deceivers” 1969 film

“Big Bruce” song performed by Steve Greenberg, 1969 (US)

OZ #23, August – September 1969 (UK)

“The Magic Christian” (film 1969) written by Terry Southern, and John Cleese and Graham Chapman

Gay Lib parody in “Private Eye”, late 1969 (UK)

“Four in Hand” sketch by John Lennon from “Oh Calcutta!”, 1969

“The Mouse Problem” sketch on “Monty Python’s Flying Circus”, 12 October, 1969 (UK)

“Monty Python’s Flying Circus” - 7 December 1969 (UK)

David Unction on “Monty Python’s Flying Circus”, 21st December 1969

Tuesday, 29 January 2008

60 - Julian and Sandy, 1965-1968

Written by Marty Feldman and Barry Took.
Performed by Kenneth Williams and Hugh Paddick

(l-r: Hugh Paddick, Kenneth Williams, Kenneth Horne, Betty Marsden and Douglas Smith)

In my last post about Marty Feldman, I wrote that was the only time he’d played gay. What I totally overlooked, is that Feldman was responsible for writing two of the most famous British gay characters ever. With his writing partner Barry Took, Feldman was responsible for all the scripts on the radio comedy series “Round the Horne”. The series consisted of broad puns, unusual innuendoes and double-entendres, and weirdly comic scenarios, with the actors’ extravagant characterisations and catchphrases all orbiting around the imperturbably stolid host, Kenneth Horne. The show ran for four seasons, on Sunday afternoons, from 1965 to 1968, and won audiences of up to 15 million people. Aside from parodies and running comedy serials within the show, there were a wide range of regular characters. The two most famous are Julian (performed by Hugh Paddick) and Sandy (performed by Kenneth Williams) who appeared in almost every episode. Besides being two camp gay men on radio for a mass audience, the sketches introduced an unwitting British public to the gay slang Polari.

The daring in the appearance of these sketches was that previously there had been an outright ban on gay characters on comedy radio shows. In 1949 the “Green Book” set BBC policy for variety writers and producers. One of its commandments was that there was “an absolute ban upon jokes about effeminacy in men”. This is a mild code, since no gay man could be really masculine, but it meant that not even the horrid word homosexual had to be used in banning them. And so any obvious representations of gay men in comedy were forbidden. Any humorous jokes about gay men had to be sufficiently ingenious that it would escape the notice of some BBC official or other.

Aside from the actors' vigorous performances, the sketches stood out for their use of strange words with apparently hidden meanings. The audiences were not to know that these words were in fact Polari. Bona, butch, eke, lallies, dolly, omi-polone, were thrown about with abandon. But as the sketches were a regular feature, repetition of Polari words and phrases meant the audience gradually grew to decipher them, even if they remained ignorant of their gay origin. The writers and performers however were not. Feldman had worked in travelling sideshows and in the theatre, so was aware of the various slangs. Hugh Paddick and Kenneth Williams were gay, and therefore were already fluent in Polari. Indeed, Williams would often drop into the tones of Sandy to liven up a quiz show appearance or an interview.

The sketches usually involved Horne visiting some new commercial venture - Bona Books, Bona Pets, Bona Drag, Bona Law, etc. As Horne entered, Julian (Hugh Paddick) would say "Ooh hello! I'm Julian and this is my friend Sandy!" Sandy (Williams) then often following with “Why Mr Horne, how bona to vada your dolly old eke”. The pair were bright and chirpy, offering a torrent of polari and barely concealed innuendo to the bemused Horne’s questions. The importance of the urbane Horne cannot be overlooked, since he effectively represented the public and therefore made the outrageous pair palatable for popular radio.

The characters were originally conceived as two ageing old out of work actors, but the producer thought the characters were too sad and suggested making them younger "chorus boy" types. Peter Cook and Dudley Moore would also explore the comedy inherent in out-of-work gay actors having to get by as domestics for hire in their show “Behind the Fridge”.

Instead of being posh, nancy-boys, the two were gossipy queens, slightly bitchy, speaking in a camp East End demotic laced with Polari. At this late date they are old stereotypes but at the time they were fresh and new, the first of thir kind to be seen by the British public. How many at the time knew the characters were gay, and how many though they were just odd funny men, is a question that may now be unanswerable. The audience of the time would appear to have loved the two characters. They were not held up to ridicule or made the butt of cheap homophobic jokes. The exuberance of the performances was funny itself without the audience necessarily being in on secret gay codes.

In a 1975 radio show, Kenneth Williams said he had started to use homosexual humour on the Kenneth Horne shows, his aim had been to disarm prejudiced heterosexuals who were scared of homosexuals. By bringing humour to the matter he hoped people would begin to show more tolerance. But he attacked those who with limp wrists and a few crude double entendres made cheap laughs and ridiculed homosexuals in the process. (Reported in “Gay News”)

While gay men had been big fans of Julian and Sandy in the 60s and early 70s, the change in gay self- identity meant that the two characters were strongly repudiated in the mid 70s, lumped in with the likes of Larry Grayson and Mr Humphries perpetuating unflattering stereotypes. Gay Lib and its struggle for positive images of gay men meant that reissues of old Julian and Sandy sketches on LPs received hostile reviews in “Gay News”. The Round the Horne Society was refused affiliation with the C.H.E (Campaign for Homosexual Equality) because its celebration of comic poofs was embarrassing to the cause.

This website has transcripts of some of the "Julian and Sandy" sketches

Here is a good place to find out more about Polari